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Hatches & Fly Patterns of the Southern Appalachians

December/January
InsectEmergence DateRecommended Patterns
Diptera MidgeDecember – January
Afternoon
18 – 24 Griffith’s Gnat,
18 – 24 Olive Midge
Blue Winged OliveDecember – January
Afternoon
18 – 24 Blue Winged Olive,
18 – 24 Adams
Early Dark StonefliesDecember – January
All Day
18 Turkey Tail Nymph
18 Early Brown Stonefly
MicroCaddisDecember – January
All Day
20 – 24 Bright Green or Black Elk Hair Caddis
February/March
InsectEmergence DateRecommended Patterns
Blue Winged Olive
Baetis
February – March
Early Afternoons – Warm Days
18 Blue Winged Olive Parachute
18 Adams
Early Dark StonefliesFebruary – March
All Day
18 American Pheasant Tail
18 Early Brown Stonefly
Blue Quill
Paraleptophlebia Adoptiva
Late March
Morning to Early Afternoon
18 Blue Quill Wet & Dry
18 Adams
Quill Gordon
Epeorus Pleuralis
Late March
Early Afternoon
12 – 14 Gold Ribbed Hare’s Ear
12 – 14 Quill Gordon Dry
April
InsectEmergence DateRecommended Patterns
Blue Quills
Paraleptophlebia Adoptiva
Early April
Mornings to Early Afternoons
18 Sawyer Pheasant Tail
18 Clipped Mahogany Dun
Quill Gordon
Epeorus Pleuralis
Early April
Early Afternoons
12 – 14 Ginger Quill Wet
12 – 14 Light Hendrickson
Dark Dun/Black CaddisMid-April
Mid-Mornings
14 – 16 Crow’s Nest Soft Hackle
14 – 16 Dark SolomonCaddis
Mottled Brown/Gray CaddisMid-April
All Day
16 Brown or Gray Soft Hackle
16 Brown Elk Hair Caddis
Hendrickson
Ephemerella Subvaria
All Day: Female Spinner
has Yellow Egg Sac
14 Hendrickson Nymph,
14 Red Quill,
14 Hendrickson Thorax
March Brown
Stenonema Vicarium
Mid-April
Sporadic All Day
12 March Brown Nymph
12 American March Brown Dry
May
InsectEmergence DateRecommended Patterns
Mottled Brown/Gray CaddisAll Day16 Brown or Gray Soft Hackle
16 Brown Elk Hair Caddis
Hendrickson
Ephemerella Subvaria
All Day; Female Spinner
has Yellow Egg Sac
14 Gold Ribbed Hare’s Ear
14 Red Quill Dry
14 Light Hendrickson Dry
March Brown
Stenonema Vicarium
Mid-May
All Day Sporadically
12 American Pheasant Tail
12 Gray Fox Comparadun
Light Cahill
Stenonema Ithaca
Afternoon – Evening16 – 18 Light Cahill
16 – 18 Cream Cahill Parachute
Yellow Midge
Diptera
Early May20 Yellow Midge
Gray Fox
Stenonema Fuscum
Sparse Hatch14 Gray Fox,
14 Ginger Quill,
14 Gray Fox Variant
Sulphurs
Ephemerella Dorothea
Early May
Late Afternoon and Evening
16 – 18 Sulphur Dun
16 – 18 Sulphur Parachute
16 – 18 Sulphur Loopwing Vertical Emerger
Black CaddisEarly May
All Day
18 Black Soft Hackle
18 Black Fluttering Caddis
18 Black Diving Caddis
Cream MidgeMid-May
All Day
20 – 22 Cream Midge
Blue Winged Olive
Baetis
Mid-May
Early Afternoon
20 -22 Blue Winged Olive,
20 – 22 Adams
Green Drake
Ephemera Guttulata
Late May
Evening
10 Eastern Green Drake Dun
12 Tan Klinkhammar Special
Giant Stonefly
Pteronarcys
Early May
Early Morning
4 – 8 Jorgensen’s Giant Black Stonefly Nymph
June
InsectEmergence DateRecommended Patterns
Mottled Brown
Gray Caddis
Early June
All Day Sporadically
16 Brown or Gray Soft Hackle
16 Brown Elk Hair Caddis
Light Cahill
Stenonema Ithaca
Sporadically – Late
Afternoon and Evening
16 – 18 Light Cahill
16 – 18 Cream Cahill Parachute
Sulphurs
Ephemerella Dorothea
Late Afternoon and
Evening
16 – 18 Sculpture Dun
16 – 18 Sulphur Parachute
16 – 18 Sulphur Loopwing Vertical Emerger
Isonychia BicolorSporadically – All Day12 Zug Bug
12 Adams
12 Dun Variant
Green and Yellow
Stonefly
Late Afternoons16 Little Green Stonefly Dry
16 Yellow Sally
16 Yellow Kaufmann’s Stimulator
Giant Stonefly
Pteronarcys
Early Mornings4 – 6 Kaufmann’s Black Stonefly
Nymph
TerrestrialsAll SummerInchworms, Black Foam Ants,
Crowe Beetles, and Letort Crickets
July
InsectEmergence DateRecommended Patterns
Isonychia BicolorSporadically – All Day12 Zug Bug
12 Adams
12 Dun Variant
Green and Yellow
Stonefly
Late Afternoons16 Light Green and Yellow
Fluttering Stone
Golden Stonefly
Acroneuria
Early Morning and
at Dusk
6 – 8 Kaufmann’s Golden Stonefly
Nymph
6 – 8 Kaufmann’s Orange Stimulator
6 – 8 Downwing Hornberg
Light Cahill
Stenonema Ithaca
Sporadically – Late
Afternoon and Evening
16 – 18 Light Cahill
16 – 18 Cream Cahill Parachute
TerrestrialsAll SummerInchworms, Black Foam Ants,
Crowe Beetles, and Letort Crickets
August
InsectEmergence DateRecommended Patterns
Isonychia BicolorSporadically – All Day12 Leadwing Coachman Wet
12 Adams
12 Dun Variant
Golden Stonefly
Acroneuria
Early Morning and at Dusk6 – 8 Jorgensen’s Giant Golden Stonefly Nymph
6 – 8 Kaufmann’s Orange Stimulator
6 – 8 Downwing Hornberg
Light Cahill
Stenonema Ithaca
Sporadically – Late
Afternoon and Evening
16 – 18Yellow Ginger Comparadun
16 – 18 Cahill
Flying AntsAll Day20 – 24 Black Wet Ant
20 -24 Flying Cinnamon Ants
TerrestrialsAll SummerInchworms, Black Fur Ants,
Black Beetles, and Letort Crickets
September
InsectEmergence DateRecommended Patterns
Light Cahill
Stenonema Ithaca
Usually at Dusk16 – 18 Light Cahill
16 – 18 Yellow Ginger Comparadun
Isonychia BicolorAll Day12 Leadwing Coachman Wet
12 Adams
12 Dun Variant
Flying AntsAll Day20 – 24 Spentwing Black and
Brown Ants
TerrestrialsAll SummerInchworms, Black Fur Ants,
Black Beetles, and LetortCrickets
October/November
InsectEmergence DateRecommended Patterns
Dipterans MidgeOctober – November
Afternoon
18 – 24Brassie
18 – 24 RS2
18 – 24 Brook’s Midge, Black, Olive, Grey, Yellow
Blue Winged OliveOctober – November
Afternoon
18 – 24 Blue Winged Olive Parachute
18 – 24 Blue Winged Olive CDC emerger
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