Hatches & Fly Patterns of the Southern Appalachians

December/January
Insect Emergence Date Recommended Patterns
Diptera Midge December – January
Afternoon
18 – 24 Griffith’s Gnat,
18 – 24 Olive Midge
Blue Winged Olive December – January
Afternoon
18 – 24 Blue Winged Olive,
18 – 24 Adams
Early Dark Stoneflies December – January
All Day
18 Turkey Tail Nymph
18 Early Brown Stonefly
MicroCaddis December – January
All Day
20 – 24 Bright Green or Black Elk Hair Caddis
February/March
Insect Emergence Date Recommended Patterns
Blue Winged Olive
Baetis
February – March
Early Afternoons – Warm Days
18 Blue Winged Olive Parachute
18 Adams
Early Dark Stoneflies February – March
All Day
18 American Pheasant Tail
18 Early Brown Stonefly
Blue Quill
Paraleptophlebia Adoptiva
Late March
Morning to Early Afternoon
18 Blue Quill Wet & Dry
18 Adams
Quill Gordon
Epeorus Pleuralis
Late March
Early Afternoon
12 – 14 Gold Ribbed Hare’s Ear
12 – 14 Quill Gordon Dry
April
Insect Emergence Date Recommended Patterns
Blue Quills
Paraleptophlebia Adoptiva
Early April
Mornings to Early Afternoons
18 Sawyer Pheasant Tail
18 Clipped Mahogany Dun
Quill Gordon
Epeorus Pleuralis
Early April
Early Afternoons
12 – 14 Ginger Quill Wet
12 – 14 Light Hendrickson
Dark Dun/Black Caddis Mid-April
Mid-Mornings
14 – 16 Crow’s Nest Soft Hackle
14 – 16 Dark SolomonCaddis
Mottled Brown/Gray Caddis Mid-April
All Day
16 Brown or Gray Soft Hackle
16 Brown Elk Hair Caddis
Hendrickson
Ephemerella Subvaria
All Day: Female Spinner
has Yellow Egg Sac
14 Hendrickson Nymph,
14 Red Quill,
14 Hendrickson Thorax
March Brown
Stenonema Vicarium
Mid-April
Sporadic All Day
12 March Brown Nymph
12 American March Brown Dry
May
Insect Emergence Date Recommended Patterns
Mottled Brown/Gray Caddis All Day 16 Brown or Gray Soft Hackle
16 Brown Elk Hair Caddis
Hendrickson
Ephemerella Subvaria
All Day; Female Spinner
has Yellow Egg Sac
14 Gold Ribbed Hare’s Ear
14 Red Quill Dry
14 Light Hendrickson Dry
March Brown
Stenonema Vicarium
Mid-May
All Day Sporadically
12 American Pheasant Tail
12 Gray Fox Comparadun
Light Cahill
Stenonema Ithaca
Afternoon – Evening 16 – 18 Light Cahill
16 – 18 Cream Cahill Parachute
Yellow Midge
Diptera
Early May 20 Yellow Midge
Gray Fox
Stenonema Fuscum
Sparse Hatch 14 Gray Fox,
14 Ginger Quill,
14 Gray Fox Variant
Sulphurs
Ephemerella Dorothea
Early May
Late Afternoon and Evening
16 – 18 Sulphur Dun
16 – 18 Sulphur Parachute
16 – 18 Sulphur Loopwing Vertical Emerger
Black Caddis Early May
All Day
18 Black Soft Hackle
18 Black Fluttering Caddis
18 Black Diving Caddis
Cream Midge Mid-May
All Day
20 – 22 Cream Midge
Blue Winged Olive
Baetis
Mid-May
Early Afternoon
20 -22 Blue Winged Olive,
20 – 22 Adams
Green Drake
Ephemera Guttulata
Late May
Evening
10 Eastern Green Drake Dun
12 Tan Klinkhammar Special
Giant Stonefly
Pteronarcys
Early May
Early Morning
4 – 8 Jorgensen’s Giant Black Stonefly Nymph
June
Insect Emergence Date Recommended Patterns
Mottled Brown
Gray Caddis
Early June
All Day Sporadically
16 Brown or Gray Soft Hackle
16 Brown Elk Hair Caddis
Light Cahill
Stenonema Ithaca
Sporadically – Late
Afternoon and Evening
16 – 18 Light Cahill
16 – 18 Cream Cahill Parachute
Sulphurs
Ephemerella Dorothea
Late Afternoon and
Evening
16 – 18 Sculpture Dun
16 – 18 Sulphur Parachute
16 – 18 Sulphur Loopwing Vertical Emerger
Isonychia Bicolor Sporadically – All Day 12 Zug Bug
12 Adams
12 Dun Variant
Green and Yellow
Stonefly
Late Afternoons 16 Little Green Stonefly Dry
16 Yellow Sally
16 Yellow Kaufmann’s Stimulator
Giant Stonefly
Pteronarcys
Early Mornings 4 – 6 Kaufmann’s Black Stonefly
Nymph
Terrestrials All Summer Inchworms, Black Foam Ants,
Crowe Beetles, and Letort Crickets
July
Insect Emergence Date Recommended Patterns
Isonychia Bicolor Sporadically – All Day 12 Zug Bug
12 Adams
12 Dun Variant
Green and Yellow
Stonefly
Late Afternoons 16 Light Green and Yellow
Fluttering Stone
Golden Stonefly
Acroneuria
Early Morning and
at Dusk
6 – 8 Kaufmann’s Golden Stonefly
Nymph
6 – 8 Kaufmann’s Orange Stimulator
6 – 8 Downwing Hornberg
Light Cahill
Stenonema Ithaca
Sporadically – Late
Afternoon and Evening
16 – 18 Light Cahill
16 – 18 Cream Cahill Parachute
Terrestrials All Summer Inchworms, Black Foam Ants,
Crowe Beetles, and Letort Crickets
August
Insect Emergence Date Recommended Patterns
Isonychia Bicolor Sporadically – All Day 12 Leadwing Coachman Wet
12 Adams
12 Dun Variant
Golden Stonefly
Acroneuria
Early Morning and at Dusk 6 – 8 Jorgensen’s Giant Golden Stonefly Nymph
6 – 8 Kaufmann’s Orange Stimulator
6 – 8 Downwing Hornberg
Light Cahill
Stenonema Ithaca
Sporadically – Late
Afternoon and Evening
16 – 18Yellow Ginger Comparadun
16 – 18 Cahill
Flying Ants All Day 20 – 24 Black Wet Ant
20 -24 Flying Cinnamon Ants
Terrestrials All Summer Inchworms, Black Fur Ants,
Black Beetles, and Letort Crickets
September
Insect Emergence Date Recommended Patterns
Light Cahill
Stenonema Ithaca
Usually at Dusk 16 – 18 Light Cahill
16 – 18 Yellow Ginger Comparadun
Isonychia Bicolor All Day 12 Leadwing Coachman Wet
12 Adams
12 Dun Variant
Flying Ants All Day 20 – 24 Spentwing Black and
Brown Ants
Terrestrials All Summer Inchworms, Black Fur Ants,
Black Beetles, and LetortCrickets
October/November
Insect Emergence Date Recommended Patterns
Dipterans Midge October – November
Afternoon
18 – 24Brassie
18 – 24 RS2
18 – 24 Brook’s Midge, Black, Olive, Grey, Yellow
Blue Winged Olive October – November
Afternoon
18 – 24 Blue Winged Olive Parachute
18 – 24 Blue Winged Olive CDC emerger