Best All Around Flies

Profiled on this page are some of the most used flies for typically fly fishing situations. This list will be most useful for beginners and the average fly angler. Each page contains a profile of the fly with recipes for tying. This page will be updated often.


Baetis Nymph

The Baetis Nymph fly typically features a slender and streamlined body, often made of materials like dubbing, fur, or synthetic fibers, to imitate the shape and coloration of the natural nymph.

Brassie Midge Nymph

The Brassie features a slender body made of copper or brass wire wrapped tightly around the hook shank, with optional bead or thread head. Itsis known for its simplicity, durability, and effectiveness.

Caddis Larva Nymph

Designed to imitate the larval stage of caddisflies, this fly is tied with a segmented body using materials such as fur, dubbing, or chenille.

Disco Midge

The Disco Midge is a flashy and vibrant fly pattern that typically features a brightly colored body and thorax, often with added sparkle or flash materials, to imitate the appearance of midge larvae or pupae in the water.

Pheasant Tail Nymph

The pattern typically features a body made of pheasant tail fibers, which are wrapped around the hook shank to mimic the slender profile of aquatic insect nymphs.

Prince Nymph

Typically tied to imitate various aquatic insects, such as stonefly nymphs or caddisfly larvae. The Prince Nymph is characterized by its bead head, peacock herl body, and white wings or wing cases.

Red Midge Larva

The Red Midge Larva features a slender body tied with red thread or fine red chenille, mimicking the appearance of natural midge larvae found in freshwater ecosystems.

San Juan Worm

Believed to have been invented by fly tyer John S. Germinio in the 1950s, this pattern was originally designed to imitate aquatic worms, particularly the annelids found in the San Juan River in New Mexico.


Scud flies often feature a curved or semicircular body, mimicking the shape of freshwater crustacean and are typically made of various materials, including dubbing, synthetic yarns, and sometimes natural fibers like rabbit fur or squirrel hair.


Created by noted fly tyer Ross Marigold, the Serendipity is a versatile fly that can imitate various aquatic insects such as midges, caddisflies, and mayflies in their larval or pupal stages. The Serendipity fly typically incorporates sparse peacock herl or synthetic materials for the body, often reinforced with fine wire and may include a dubbing or hackle thorax for added realism.

WD-40 Fly

The WD-40 Emerger typically consists of a slender body made of thread or synthetic materials, often with a shiny or reflective finish to mimic the appearance of emerging insects. The WD-40 is known for its simplicity and effectiveness, making it a popular choice among fly anglers, especially in challenging fishing conditions or when fish are feeding selectively on emergers.

Zug Bug

A classic and versatile wet fly pattern, the Zug Bug typically features a slim, segmented body made of peacock herl or dubbing, often with a wire rib for added durability and realism.

Dry Flies

Elk Hair Caddis

An Elk Hair Caddis imitates adult caddisflies, with elk hair tied as a wing and hackle feathers used to create legs and provide flotation.

Extended Body PMD

Materials Hook: Daiichi 11300 size 14-16 Thread: Yellow 8/0 Uni-Thread Tail: Yellow PMD Tube Bodiz Body: Yellow PMD Tube Bodiz Wing: Coatal Deer Hair. Thorax: Yellow PMD dubbing Instructions You can find the premade Tube Bodiz at your local fly shop. Find the proper size and thread it onto the hook. Secure the thread near […]

Goddard Caddis

The Goddard Caddis, tied with natural materials such as deer hair, elk hair, or other buoyant fibers, features a distinct bullet-shaped silhouette with a swept-back wing profile, closely resembling the natural caddisfly.

Green Drake Spinner

The Green Drake Spinner fly is designed to imitate the spent or dying stage of the Green Drake mayfly, featuring a slender body and translucent wings made from materials such as CDC (cul de canard) feathers or synthetic fibers to mimic the insect's delicate appearance on the water's surface.

Griffith’s Gnat

The Griffith's Gnat is an effective imitation of small midges that features a body made of peacock herl or dubbing, a sparse hackle wrapped around the body, and a white or gray wing made from hackle fibers.

Henryville Special

The Henryville Special is a classic wet fly pattern tied with materials such as peacock herl, brown hackle, and red floss to imitate various aquatic insects.

Olive Sparkle Dun

The Olive Sparkle Dun is a dry fly pattern designed to imitate the dun (subimago) stage of mayflies, featuring a slender body and wings made from olive-colored feathers or synthetic materials with added sparkle.

Parachute Blue Winged Olive (BWO)

The Parachute BWO is a dry fly pattern that imitates the Blue-Winged Olive mayfly, featuring a distinct upright and visible parachute post tied with CDC (cul de canard) feathers or synthetic materials, and a slender body made from dubbing.

Peacock Caddis

The Peacock Caddis is used to imitate emerging caddisflies, typically tied with a body made from peacock herl, hackle fibers, and a deer hair or elk hair wing to mimic the insect's silhouette on the water's surface.

Trico Spinner

The Trico Spinner is a small and delicate dry fly pattern designed to imitate the spinner (spent) stage of Trico mayflies, featuring a slender body and sparse wings made from CDC (cul de canard) feathers or synthetic materials.

Yellow Humpy

The Humpy Fly is a buoyant and highly visible dry fly pattern tied with a heavily dubbed body, calf or deer hair wing, and hackle fibers to create a high-floating and attractor pattern for trout in fast-flowing streams or rivers.

Yellow Stimulator

The Stimulator fly is typically made with a combination of natural and synthetic materials, including deer hair, hackle feathers, and dubbing. It imitates big insects like caddis, stone flies, hoppers, and more.



Materials HOOK: Dai Riki 320, size 8-14 THREAD: Black BODY: Natural, black, or olive pheasant tail RIBBING: 4X monofilament WING: Treated clear or tan Raffia HACKLE: Black or brown POST: Foam to match body THORAX: Peacock Ice-Dub Tying Instructions Debarb hook, place in vise, start thread. Tie in 5-7 pheasant tail fibers, tip first. Tie […]

Black Ant

Materials Hook: Daiichi 1100 size 10-14 Thread: Black 8/0 Uni-Thread Tail: None Body: Rainey’s Black Ant Body Legs: Thread (dubbing optional) Wing: White Antron (optional) Tying Instructions Place the hook in the vise. Secure thread and wrap 3/4 back to bend (don’t go all the way). Along the top of the hook, tie in a […]

Foam Hopper

Materials Hook: Daiichi 1270 size 8-14 Thread: Yellow 6/0 Uni-Thread Tail: None Body: Yellow Foam Rib: Thread Legs: Brown Rubber Wing: Foam and Elk Hair. Thorax: Elk Hair Tying Instructions For the extended body, place a needle in the vise with the point toward the rear and the eye forward and making sure that 3/4 […]


Wooly Bugger

The Woolly Bugger is a classic, versatile and popular streamer fly designed to imitate various aquatic creatures such as baitfish, leeches, or aquatic insects. It is easy to tie and fish.

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